Vaquería outfit for a woman from X ́Pichil, Quintana Roo
Made by Alejandra Chuc Can
Ethnic Group: Maya Quintana Rooense
Cotton fabric embroidered with cotton thread of various colors, with arches at the neck and
on the hem. The embroidery is cross stitch with bak bi chuy in the purple part. Bak bi chuy is
considered a stitch that was in the Yucatan region before the arrival of the Spanish.
White cotton underskirt with pulled threads and bak bi chuy embroidery stitch in red, black,
and pale blue threads.
Plasticized straw hat covered with satin bows of various colors at the crown and brim. Seven
colorful satin ribbons hang from the back of the hat.
Often in Quintana Roo state, instead of the flower patterns so common in Yucatan, many
huipiles are embroidered with geometric designs, like the skin of a rattlesnake.
The woman who embroidered this huipil said that her grandmother told her that when
embroidering she should caress a snake ́s skin. "If you do this," said the abuela, "you will
imagine many other designs." But she added: "You should never work on the snake skin
embroidery on a Sunday. If you do this, bad things will happen to the dress--for example, it
will fall apart faster."
La Vaqueria is the traditional dance of the colonial era in the haciendas and towns of the
Yucatan peninsula during an annual celebration in the name of the pueblo ́s patron saint.